What are the most important organs of the human body? The brain, heart, lungs, kidneys, and liver are the most important organs of the human body. The gallbladder, stomach, and pancreas, come next in line. The nervous system and other organ systems are the support these organs have.
The most important organs of the human body
The brain, also known as the control center of the human body, forms the core of the central nervous system. It creates, transfers, and processes nerve impulses, thoughts, feelings, sensations of touch, etc. The brain is protected by the skull. It keeps it from having injuries.
Doctors who study the nervous system are called neurologists. They have identified various parts of the human brain and have found systems within the brain that have functions similar to independent organs.
The human brain can be divided into three parts:
The cerebellum, brainstem, and cerebrum are the three primary components of the brain. These regions contain several important brain regions that combined with the spinal cord make up the central nervous system.
The central nervous system’s principal regions are as follows:
- Medulla: The lowest region of the brainstem is called the medulla. It aids in regulating lung and cardiac function.
- The pons: The brainstem’s pons, which is situated above the medulla, aids in controlling facial and ocular movements.
- The spinal cord: Stretching from the base of the brain to the middle of the back, the spinal cord supports a variety of autonomic processes, including reflexes. Moreover, it communicates with the brain and back.
- Lobe parietal: The parietal lobe, which is in the center of the brain, aids in object recognition and spatial reasoning. It also contributes to the interpretation of touch and pain signals.
- Frontal lobe: The greatest part of the brain is the frontal lobe, which is situated in the front of the skull. It affects a variety of conscious processes, including movement and personality. It also aids in the brain’s interpretation of scents.
- The occipital lobes: The occipital lobe, located close to the back of the brain, is mostly responsible for deciphering visual impulses.
- The temporal lobes: The temporal lobes, which are found on either side of the brain, are involved in several processes, such as short-term memory, speech, and smell identification.
The right and left hemispheres refer to the two sides of the brain. These two hemispheres are connected by the corpus callosum.
The most crucial component of the circulatory system, which aids in supplying blood to the body. In concert with the lungs, it oxygenates blood, which is then pumped via blood arteries and throughout the body.
There is an electrical system inside the heart as well. The heart uses electrical impulses to beat at the right pace and with a steady rhythm. When the body requires more blood, as it does during vigorous exercise, the heart rate rises. It diminishes when you are sleeping. Four chambers make up the heart. The two bottom chambers are referred to as ventricles, and the two higher chambers as atria.
The body’s veins, except for the lungs, send blood to the right atrium, from which it enters the right ventricle. It then enters the pulmonary artery, which splits off to reach the lungs. The blood is then oxygenated by the lungs.
After leaving the lungs, the oxygenated blood passes via the left atrium, the left ventricle, and the pulmonary veins that retrace their steps and merge. Subsequently, the heart circulates blood via a branching artery to supply blood to various bodily regions, including the lungs.
Four valves in the heart make sure that blood flows in the proper direction. Heart valves include:
- the tricuspid valve
- the pulmonary valve
- the mitral valve
- the aortic valve
To oxygenate the blood, the heart and lungs cooperate. By first filtering the air that a person breathes in and then exchanging excess carbon dioxide for oxygen, they accomplish this.
The lungs’ various components aid the body in breathing in air, filtering it, and then supplying oxygen to the blood. These are the following:
Right and left bronchi: The trachea divides into the left and right bronchi, which branch off and go into the lungs. These tiny bronchi divide into bronchioles, which are even smaller tubes.
An alveoli: At the end of the bronchioles are tiny air sacs called alveoli. Like balloons, they expand with an inhale and contract with an exhale.
The blood vessels: The lungs are full of blood arteries that transport blood to and from the heart. A person can survive without one lung with intensive medical care, but they cannot survive without any lungs at all.
When someone breathes, the diaphragm, a thick strip of muscle directly beneath the lungs, assists the lungs in expanding and contracting.
The most crucial component of the metabolic system is the liver. In addition to filtering blood passing from the digestive tract through a vein before it joins venous blood flow from other regions of the body, it aids in the conversion of nutrients into chemicals that are useful and detoxifies some toxins. The liver receives oxygenated blood through an artery.
The upper right side of the abdomen, directly beneath the rib cage, contains most of the liver’s mass. The liver performs a variety of functions in blood filtering and digestion, such as:
- generating bile
- aiding in the removal of hazardous metabolites, alcohol, and narcotics from the body
- controlling the amounts of several vital substances in the blood, such as the amino acids that form cholesterol.
- eliminating some blood-borne bacteria to produce some immune factors.
- removing bilirubin from the blood and controlling blood coagulation to prevent excessive bleeding and the formation of potentially harmful blood clots.
Bile is transported to the small intestine by the liver in collaboration with the gallbladder. The gallbladder receives bile from the liver and stores it until the body requires it for digestive assistance. Although parts of the liver are not necessary for survival, the liver itself is.
The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs that are around the size of a fist apiece. Nestled within the bottom section of the rib cage, they are situated on either side of the back. They aid in the body’s waste removal and blood filtration.
The renal artery supplies the kidneys with blood. About a million microscopic filtering units called nephrons are found in each kidney. They assist in removing waste from the urine, and the renal vein is used to return the filtered blood to the body. When the kidneys filter waste from the blood, they also generate urine. After passing via the ureters and into the bladder, urine leaves the kidneys.
One kidney can suffice to sustain a person. Dialysis can filter blood in cases of severe renal failure until the patient receives a kidney transplant or until their kidneys function again. Some patients require long-term hemodialysis.
Body parts you can live without:
This organ, which hangs from the lower right side of your colon, is the size of your little finger. This portion of the digestive tract can occasionally become clogged, infected, or inflammatory for unknown reasons. The term appendicitis, appropriately enough, refers to inflammation of the appendix. Even while antibiotics may help it go away, an appendectomy—an urgent surgical removal—is frequently required.
One component of the immune surveillance system that aids in capturing potentially harmful intruders like bacteria and viruses is the body’s network of lymph nodes. Think of your two tonsils as more specialized, larger lymph nodes that are keeping an eye out for these invaders. The dangling portion of tissue above them is called the uvula, and they are situated at the back of the throat, just to the sides and behind it.
Nowadays, a tonsillectomy—the removal of the tonsils—is only advised for those who frequently get bacterial throat infections like strep throat, which is a prevalent ailment among children. After removal, the tonsils’ function may be taken over by other lymphoid tissue, such as the lymph nodes themselves.
Similar to tonsils, adenoids are in the rear of the nose where the nasal passages meet the mouth and throat. They may also swell, become infected, and become inflamed. Thus, the adenoids are typically removed concurrently with the tonsils. The combination treatment is known as an adenoidectomy and tonsillectomy. When the adenoids go, other lymphoid tissue takes over, just as it does with the tonsils.
The gallbladder is in the upper right abdomen, directly beneath the liver. When the body needs it to aid in the digestion of fatty foods, it releases stored bile from the liver into the digestive tract. If the gallbladder becomes inflamed, a condition known as cholecystitis, it may need to be removed (a procedure known as a cholecystectomy). Gallstones, a hardened collection of bile, or infection are the most common causes of this. Rest and medications can sometimes reduce gallbladder inflammation, preventing or at least delaying gallbladder resection.
The sole function of this amazing reproductive organ is to sustain fetal growth till birth. In most cases, a hysterectomy—the removal of the uterus—can be performed without compromising health. Excessive or painful menstruation, benign growths called fibroids that cause discomfort or bleeding, or cancer are common reasons for removal.
This little gland is located behind the breastbone high in the upper chest. It plays a significant role in the growth and maturation of the immune system in a fetus or newborn. Adults, however, can get by without it. A thymectomy, or removal of the thymus, may be necessary if the thymus develops cancer or if an individual has myasthenia gravis, an autoimmune disease.
The spleen is composed of lymphoid tissue, just like the tonsils and adenoids. It purges the blood of pathogenic microorganisms, aging red blood cells, and other aberrant cells passing through the circulation. However, occasionally the spleen gets hyperactive and starts eliminating healthy cells.
For instance, removing platelets—clotting blood cells that stop excessive bleeding—from the bloodstream might cause idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). If there are few platelets in the blood, bleeding and bruises could be fatal. While drugs may be helpful, a splenectomy—the removal of the spleen—might be required. Alternatively, splenic trauma can occasionally result in internal bleeding, which might prompt a splenectomy—particularly following sports injuries and auto accidents.
A series of immunizations are advised before splenectomy if removal is not necessary since individuals without a spleen are more vulnerable to specific illnesses.
There is a saying that at least half of the body is superfluous. It is not true. There is some truth to this myth, but, as most myths have some element of truth: numerous bodily parts may be removed safely. Having said that, if possible, try to avoid needless surgery and preserve the portions of your body that you were born with.
Yes, you can live a healthy, fulfilling life even after having your appendix removed. However, it is important to remember that our perception of “spare parts” could evolve with time. An excellent example is the appendix, which scientists have shown may be involved in immunological development and stores “good bacteria” to replenish the gut in the event of future disease. Furthermore, research suggests that thymus removal may marginally raise the risk of autoimmune diseases, cancer, and death.
We might one day learn vital roles for bodily elements we currently regard as unnecessary.
Disclaimer: “HealthLink.news does not have any intention to provide specific medical advice, but rather to provide its users and the general public with information to understand their health better. All content (including text, graphics, images, information, etc.) provided herein is for general informational purposes only and is not a substitute for professional medical advice, care, diagnosis, or treatment. HealthLink.news makes no representation and assumes no responsibility/ liability for the accuracy of the information, advice, diagnosis, or treatment provided herein or on its website. NEVER DISREGARD PROFESSIONAL MEDICAL ADVICE OR DELAY IN SEEKING TREATMENT BECAUSE OF SOMETHING YOU HAVE READ HERE OR ACCESSED THROUGH THE HealthLink.news WEBSITE.”