In the present day, one of the most occurring diseases among people, particularly among aged individuals, is cardiac disease. Cardiac disease is one such disease that can become deadly if left untreated for a long time and it might later become fatal that can eventually lead to death. So, doctors and health care experts always advise taking good care of your heart and undergoing regular check-ups as you age. Apart from maintaining follow-ups with your physicians and having proper medicines, it is equally important to maintain a healthy and proper lifestyle. Lifestyle and your way of living your everyday life will determine whether you will develop cardiac diseases in your later ages. If any person already suffers from heart disease or from any cardiac damage, then he or she must follow a strict lifestyle and proper, balanced diet that is filled with ample nutrients that are not only beneficial for their overall health but also will help them to take good care of their heart and to maintain a healthy functioning of the heart and the overall circulatory system of the body.
Risk Of Cardiac Disease:
Heart diseases are quite lethal for your overall health. This is because, the functioning of the heart is related to the entire circulatory system of the body that deals with the flow of impure blood from the body to the heart, purification of the blood inside the heart, and the purified blood being carried to the entire body. Now, blood carries oxygen that contributes to the respiration and functioning of the lungs. But if the functions of the heart and the related circulatory system get disrupted, then the normal mechanism of the entire body will become complicated, and this will lead to severe physiological difficulties in the body. The different conditions that are considered risks to your cardiac health are heart stroke, heart attack, cardiac arrest, heart failure, and so on.
Causes Of Cardiac Diseases:
There might be several factors that can contribute to the occurrence of heart disease. Some of the primary and major causes behind the occurrence of cardiac disease are listed here as follows:
- If there is previous damage in your heart
- If major portions of the heart are damaged
- If there is a trait of cardiac diseases in your family history
- If there is an abnormal heart rate, that is the normal pumping rhythm of the heart gets disrupted
- If there is a lack of proper nutrients and oxygen supply in the heart and inside the cardiac muscles
- If there is an abnormal blood pressure level and constriction of the blood vessels.
Risk Factors Related To Cardiac Diseases:
There are certain risk factors related to heart diseases. If these are not treated properly, then there is a high chance that these risk factors develop into fatal health effects. Some of the risk factors related to cardiac diseases are listed here as follows:
- High levels of bad or LDL (Low-Density Lipoprotein) cholesterol in the heart
- High or abnormal pulse rates
- High C- reactive proteins in the body
- High levels of blood pressure
- The habit of excessive smoking
- If the person is overweight or obesity
- Excessive consumption of alcohol or other harmful drugs
- In older age
- Sleep-related disorders like sleep apnea or insomnia
- Lower levels of exercise or bodily activities
- Abnormal or leaky valves of the cardiac chambers
- If there is a medical history of preeclampsia during pregnancy
- Excessive stress disorders and issues like anxiety, depression, and so on
- Abnormal lifestyle and lack of proper nutrients in their regular diet
- Presence of cardiac disease in the genetic traits of the family
- In the case of other chronic diseases in the body such as type 2 diabetes or high levels of blood sugar
Possible Symptoms Of Cardiac Diseases:
The symptoms of cardiac diseases differ from one person to the other. But, in most conditions, there are some symptoms that are common among people who suffer from cardiac problems. Some of the common symptoms of heart disease are:
- Problems in breathing or breathlessness
- Pain in the chest or angina
- Abnormal heart rate or pulse rate
- In some cases, there might be nausea, which may or may not be accompanied by vomiting
- Excessive sweating
- Pain in the stomach or stomach discomfort
- Edema, is characterized by swelling in the ankles because of retention of fluids and this might cause pain in the arm, back, or legs
- Excessive tiredness and exhaustion
Whenever you notice that any of these symptoms are occurring in your body, then you should consult your health care expert at once.
How To Lower Risks of Cardiac Diseases? Guide To Get A Healthy Lifestyle
As we all know, a healthy lifestyle is a primary step to getting good health. So, to get a healthy functioning of your heart, it is extremely important to involve yourself in a healthy way of living. A healthy and proper lifestyle can be made of a healthy practice of sleep, intake of a healthy and balanced diet that is filled with essential nutrients that are required to maintain a healthy functioning of the body, some exercises, workouts, and so on. There are certain techniques that will help you to maintain a good lifestyle or to bring healthy changes to your lifestyle. If you start adding these good principles into your daily lifestyle, then you can ensure the healthy and proper functioning of the entire physiological system and this can also help you to keep your heart healthy and in proper condition, free from the risk of occurrence of any kind of damage or diseases. Some such good rules are listed here as follows:
1. Avoid Smoking cigarettes: As the disclaimer says, smoking is seriously injurious to your overall health. There are cases, where it is found that those who are excessively smokers, have greater chances of cardiac damage and have increased risks of developing heart-related conditions such as heart attack, cardiac arrest, heart failure, and other lethal conditions of heart damage. In fact, mostly those who smoke excessively are found to develop lethal conditions of heart diseases, that in most cases, lead to an untimely death.
2. Lower cholesterol levels: It is always true that a high level of cholesterol is extremely bad for the overall health of your heart. This is because when there is an excessive amount of cholesterol it can lead to the deposition of fat or lipid-like substances in the cardiac chambers, which can be damaging to your heart health. So, it is essential to lower the levels of bad or LDL cholesterol in the body. Here is the guide about how much levels of cholesterol should be present in your body:
- Net cholesterol content: less than 200 mg/dL
- Good or HDL (High-Density Lipoprotein) cholesterol: 60 mg/dL or greater
- Bad or LDL cholesterol: less than 100 mg/dL
- Triglycerides: less than 150 mg/dL
To maintain the cholesterol levels at an optimum, try to maintain a proper lifestyle, consume a diet full of healthy nutrients such as proteins, vitamins, minerals, fiber, and antioxidants, get proper rest, and perform exercises and yoga.
3. Follow a healthy diet: This is one of the most important steps to getting into a healthy lifestyle. It is quite essential to have a diet that is packed with the nutrients that are required for proper body functioning, building up a better immune system, and to help in developing a better metabolism. Try substituting the consumption of junk or over-processed foods with fresh fruits and green leafy vegetables that are filled with health-beneficial nutrients such as proteins, antioxidants, fiber, vitamins, and minerals. Consumption of these nutrients in your daily diet will be essential to maintain a healthy heart.
4. Exercise and workout daily: Daily exercise and workouts to keep your body fit and free from diseases. Exercise helps to keep your body free from any kind of diseases, mostly cardiac diseases, by allowing steady circulation of blood and oxygen and healthy muscle movements of the heart, which helps in healthy pumping of the heart. So, keep practicing healthy exercises and perform yoga to keep your heart healthy.
5. Reduce stress disorders: In today’s world, most people are usually stressed due to some of the events that are happening to them in their everyday lives. This is somehow affecting their daily lifestyle and healthy well-being. So, to get a healthy lifestyle, it is crucial to reduce stress and other related disorders such as anxiety, depression, and so on. It has been found that heavy levels of stress tend to increase the risks of developing cardiac diseases such as heart attack, stroke, cardiac arrest, or any type of cardiovascular disease. Practice yoga, meditation, and other relaxation techniques, or seek therapy to reduce stress disorders that in the end will help to keep your heart healthy.
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